James Pettigrew Apiary
Why was Carluke a centre of beekeeping between 1780 and 1950? The Clyde Valley was a centre of soft fruit growing. To improve the pollination of the plants, farmers kept bees and beehives as support to farming.
James Pettigrew was born in Carluke and specialised in bees. He worked in England, Ireland, Kenya, South Africa and brought back his bee skills from these areas. His world view meant he believed in “local bees” wherever the “local” was. For Scotland that is Apis melifera melifera or the ScottishbBlack bee. Andrew Pettigrew put his father’s knowledge into a “Handy Book of Bees” in 1879 which became a world bestseller, especially in America.